Palani Baba-A Biography
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Javid Iqbal, the son of the poet-philosopher, wrote a comprehensive biography of his father in Urdu-Zinda Ruh (The Living Stream), which was published in 1979 in three volumes. The third volume described Iqbal’s last twelve years of his life, which were devoted primarily to domestic and international politics. In domestic politics, as pointed out, his role started with his election to the Punjab Legislative Council (1926 1930). In 1929 iqbal was invited by the Muslim Association of Madras in South India to deliver a series of lectures on Islamic philosophy. In 1930, he delivered his historic address in Allahabad, which eventually became the foundation of the Muslim League resolution of Lahore in 1940, enunciating the establishment of Muslim State (6) in India.The British government designated Iqbal a member of the delegation to the Second and Third Round Table Conference 19311932 in London. These conferences were designed to explore the avenues of constitutional advancement for India toward sensual self-determination. In 1932, Iqbal was elected the President of the Muslim Conference and Chairman of the Kashmir Committee 19311933 In 1933, King Nadir Shah invited him along with Sir Ross Masood and Maulana Sulaiman Nadvi to visit Afghanistan to make recommendations on Afghanistan’s educational system. Iqbal’s Interest in the affairs of the Muslim world led him to visit Egypt and Jerusalem, when he attended the Muslim World Congress on the invitation of Mufti Amin al-Husseini of Palestine. Iqbal also visited Spain and Italy, where he visited with Mussolini, the ruler of Italy. In addition to these major political milestones, Iqbal remained engaged in local affairs of the Punjab and Kashmir.Javid Iqbal’s biography of his father not only discussed these big and small activities of his father, but also interspersed them with the domestic engagements-the birth of his children, relations with David’s mother, and other relatives. When I read this book some years ago, the discussion of Iqbal’s political activities fascinated me. I thought Iqbal’s political role must be made accessible to the English knowing world of scholarship and general readers who might be familiar with his poetry, but have really no knowledge of his contribution to the emergence of Pakistan, Javid and I discussed this issue some years ago, and he very kindly agreed to my translation the third volume, which deals with iqbal’s political role.In the process of translation this volume, I edited this volume extensively, shuffled paragraphs and chapters, and added materials which are part of my research on Iqbal. In addition, eliminated all references to the domestic affairs, and frequent quotations of his poetry. I have turned this biography into strictly a political study, Despite these extensive changes, I have remained faithful to Javid’s language and thought, while the translation is free, and is by no means verbatim, Javid has read the manuscript, and made this comment, which I take as a compliment: “You have added fourth volume to the three volume biography of Iqbal. I am confident that this volume would prove to be a valuable addition to the study of Iqbal’s contributions to the genesis of Pakistan.
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