SOME ASPECTS OF ISLAMIC EDUCATION
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The Muslim intellectual history of the pre-colonial era Al-Biruni, was not strong enough to intervene in the socio political life of people. Though the Muslims were the largest number of literate people, as literacy among Hindus was confined to only the Brahmins and few Baniyas, they did not produce scholars, who could look at various aspects of life of people in India. Not that there were no writers at all. But most of them focussed on studying the Quran and the spiritual principles that shaped the Islamic civil society. Al-Biruni was the first and last scholar, of the pre-colonial Muslim intellectual history, who tried to understand the nature and character of caste and how it had divided the Indian society. Though methodologically his writings were not very exhaustive, he did make an attempt to understand caste. He was the first historian, anthropologist who talked about Brahmins, rulers, Vaisyas, shudras and Antyajas.